Nasal Septum Deviation by Age and Sex in a Study Population of Poles

O. Wojas, P. Szczęsnowicz- Dąbrowska, A. Grzanka, E. Krzych-Fałta, B . Samoliński

Abstract


Introduction: Nasal septum deviation is found in nearly 79% of all autopsies. A displacement of the nasal septum is caused by developmental disorders, which result in growth disproportions between different skeletal structures, as well as hereditary factors, and injuries to the nose and the facial skeleton.

Aims: This study aims is to estimate the incidence of nasal septum deviation in a study population of Poles, with a breakdown by age and sex.

Subjects and method(s): The people involved in the study were a group of 950 randomly selected residents of a large city. The subjects were aged between 6 and 76 years. The method used in the study was anterior rhinoscopy in combination with clinical history taking.

Results: The investigation revealed that the number of cases of nasal septum deviation diagnosed on the basis of anterior rhinoscopy increases steadily with age, from 15% in children aged 7-8 years to 39.7% in adults (p<0.05). The results of the study show that men are more frequently diagnosed with nasal septum deviations than women are (p<0.05).

Conclusions: A relatively large percentage of nasal septum deviations was observed in a population of Poles, with a breakdown by age and sex.


Keywords


Nasal cavity, nasal septum deviation.

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